platinum ores mineral processing

  • The effect of ore blends on the mineral processing of ...

    Jul 01, 2010 · The aim of this paper is to investigate the effects of ore blends on the mineral processing of platinum ores. The study is conducted using a simplex lattice mixture design for a range of ores of relevance to the Waterval UG2 Concentrator.

  • OVERVIEW OF PGM PROCESSING - Anglo American Platinum

    platinum group metals (pgms) are recovered through underground and open pit mining from poly-metallic sulphide ores containing pgms, nickel, copper and other metals: • platinum (pt), palladium (pd), rhodium (rh) and ruthenium (ru) are the most prevalent of the six pgms, with iridium (ir), and osmium (os) found in much smaller quantities • gold is

  • The effect of ore blends on the mineral processing of ...

    The positive outcome of a mixture design in mineral processing can be seen from a laboratory study performed by van Tonder et al, (2010) where they studied the effect of ore blends in platinum ...

  • Platinum & Palladium Ore Flotation Pilot Plant

    Sep 08, 2018 · The platinum-palladium mineralization was associated with the sulfides which made up about 1 pct of the rock. Microscopic examination of screened fractions of crushed ore showed that most of the sulfides could be liberated at 200 mesh. The Bond Index value for grinding the ore to minus 200 mesh was 16 kW·h/ton. Specific gravity of the ore was 2.8.

  • Platinum Mining and Refining | Education

    Most of the mining for platinum ore occurs deep underground. To extract the mineral-rich materials, miners pack explosives into holes drilled in the rock and blast it into smaller pieces. The broken rock is then collected and transported to the surface for processing. Platinum production in South Africa. Photo by Johnson Matthey. Refining ...

  • Platinum Mining | Processing Equipment | Flow Chart ...

    As Platinum is so incredibly rare it can take about as much as 10 tonnes of ore to find one ounce of Platinum. There are several steps in the mining process of Platinum, the first one being extraction of the Platinum ore and bringing it above ground, there are two ways of doing this the first and older way is to blast the ore free with explosives.

  • The effect of ore blends on the mineral processing of ...

    The positive outcome of a mixture design in mineral processing can be seen from a laboratory study performed by van Tonder et al, (2010) where they studied the effect of ore blends in platinum ...

  • Platinum - Metallurgist & Mineral Processing Engineer

    Jun 24, 2017 · As described previously, most of the platinum and palladium values in the Stillwater ore are associated with the pentlandite and pyrrhotite minerals. Studies by Chang have shown that acid addition greatly increases the floatability of pyrrhotite and that flotation of pyrrhotite with potassium amyl xanthate as a collector has a critical pH value ...

  • PGM Ore Processing at Impala's UG-2 Concentrator

    SGS MINERALS SERVICES TECHNICAL PAPER 2004-02 2004 PGM Ore PrOcessinG at iMPala’s UG-2 cOncentratOr in rUstenbUrG, sOUth africa. eUGene nel and JOhan therOn - iMPala PlatinUM ltd.; chris Martin and hans raabe - sGs abstract Impala Platinum Limited is the world’s second largest platinum producer, producing more than 1.7 million ounces

  • THE PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS

    Primary production at Impala Platinum mine in South Africa. IMAGE CREDIT: Mining Operations, Implats. For example, in South Africa, PGM-bearing ores generally have a low PGM content of between 2 and 6 grams per tonne and it will typically take up to six months and between 10 and 40 tonnes of ore to produce one ounce (31.1035g) of platinum.2

  • PGM Platinum Mining & Extraction

    Feb 16, 2016 · Mintek, a national resource of minerals processing expertise for platinum ores; Electrochemical studies of the interaction of ethyl xanthate with Pd-Bi-Te; Thought processes during the project initiation phase; Project success and performance evaluation; A framework for the introduction of mechanized mining

  • Strategic metals: Exploring and processing platinum group ...

    Strategic metals: Exploring and processing platinum group elements. Our research and analysis is improving the exploration of new Platinum Group Elements (PGE) deposits and developing more efficient processing of PGE ores. PGEs are critical metals because of their unrivalled applications in catalysts, fuel cells and electronics and cancer ...

  • MINERALS & METALS PROCESSING - DRA Global

    PRECIOUS METALS: Platinum (PGE) World leader in platinum (PGM) concentrator projects, having designed over 80% of the world’s platinum processing plants. The specialist team has an intimate understanding of the SADC PGM industry smelting, converting and refining processes, enabling the team to maximise value across the full value chain.

  • HEAP LEACHING TECHNIQUE in MINING

    mineral processing, tailings and the waste-rock management of ores that have the potential ... Heap leaching is BAT for suitable ores because it allows the economical processing of ore that ... Lateritic ore deposits, the major resources of aluminum, nickel, platinum, cobalt and some gold, are clear evidence of ongoing natural leaching process ...

  • TCB Metals and Refining

    TCB Metals and Refining, specializes in the recovery of precious metals from your ore concentrates. We invite you to learn more about our company by clicking the link below. Located in the heart of Phoenix, AZ is TCB's state of the art, closed loop, metals refining, and recovery facility. Utilizing our proprietary continuous leach and recovery ...

  • silos for mineral processing ore in mine production plant ...

    Metal ore mining in Europe - Mineral Processing. In Poland, the company produced 1171 t of silver in Lower Silesia last year from its three underground copper mines Polkowice-Sieroszowice, Rudna, and Lubin (Fig. 11). The ore body of the mine in Lubin lies at a depth of 368 to 1006 m. The mines current ore output capacity is 8 Mta.

  • About Platinum - Gold and silver mines

    With the exception of small alluvial deposits of platinum, palladium, and iridosmine (an alloy of iridium and osmium), virtually no ores exist in which the major metal is from the platinum group. Platinum minerals are usually highly disseminated in sulfide ores,

  • Mineral processing | Solvay

    Mineral processing. Solvay’s reagent portfolio includes offerings designed for the recovery of precious and base metals, such as copper, molybdenum, gold, nickel, cobalt, platinum group metals and polymetallics. We also offer products for various industrial minerals such as phosphate. Mining operations worldwide turn to Solvay to address ...

  • Gold Flotation Mining Solution - Mineral Processing

    Flotation is nowadays the best method for the recovery of gold from base metal ores and gold-bearing ores like the PGM(The platinum group metals) ores. also, it’s the most cost-effective beneficiation method.Since JXSC founded 3o+ ago, we have accumulated a lot of

  • Platinum Ores | Article about Platinum Ores by The Free ...

    The main ore minerals of platinum ores are pyrrhotite, chal-copyrite, pentlandite, and cubanite. The main platinum group metals in copper-nickel ores are platinum and palladium, which occurs in greater quantities (Pd:Pt ≧ 3:1). The contents in ores of the remaining platinum group metals (rhodium, iridium, ruthenium, and osmium) are tens and ...

  • Characterizing and recovering the platinum group minerals ...

    Sep 01, 2004 · The presence and relatively large percentage of platinum minerals and sulphides is unique to this type deposits (it is divided into two groups, one is a silicate ore, the other chromite ore). The principal opaque minerals are base metal sulphides (BMS), pyrrhotite, pentlandite and chalcopyrite, in order of decreasing abundance ( Vermaak and ...

  • how to process platinum ore - BINQ Mining

    Dec 12, 2012 · How Is Platinum Mined – Life123 – Articles and Answers about Life . The first step in the mining process is getting the platinum ore out of the ground and into a refinery or processing plant. Two methods exist to extract platinum ore: . » More detailed.

  • Platinum Beneficiation - Multotec | Mineral Processing

    Designed and refined in response to real field beneficiation challenges over our 40-year history, our platinum beneficiation equipment helps you achieve your mineral processing goals at the lowest cost per ton. Through sharing our extensive knowledge, we

  • Precious metal mining, gold mining, platinum mining – Worley

    We provide a complete solution for platinum group metals processing, from conceptual design to commissioning, operator training and technical support. As ore reserves deplete, new mines are needed to maintain production levels. We have worked alongside one of the world’s largest producers of platinum to complete a tonnage replacement project.

  • Mineral processing | Solvay

    Mineral processing. Solvay’s reagent portfolio includes offerings designed for the recovery of precious and base metals, such as copper, molybdenum, gold, nickel, cobalt, platinum group metals and polymetallics. We also offer products for various industrial minerals such as phosphate. Mining operations worldwide turn to Solvay to address ...

  • Estimates of Electricity Requirements for the Recovery of ...

    Recovery of Mineral Commodities, with Examples Applied to Sub-Saharan Africa . ... Estimated electricity requirements for production of platinum from PGM ore by conventional breast-stoping, room and pillar, and hybrid mining of Merensky Reef and UG2 ores, South ... study contain estimates of electricity consumption for the mining and processing ...

  • Mineral Processing – McClelland Laboratories Inc Reno (775 ...

    Mineral Processing. If the mineralogy of the ore shows that you can separate discrete particles of the mineral you want from the gangue components of the ore, then it is possible to physically concentrate the valuable mineral and reject the rest. The easiest method for achieving this is by gravity separation.

  • Earth Science for Stem

    Mineral processing is the process of extracting minerals from the ore, refining them, and preparing these minerals for use. The primary steps involved in processing minerals include: 1. Sampling – is the removal of a portion which represents a whole needed for the analysis of this material. 2.

  • Flotation - Mineral Processing

    Flotation is an economical and effective separation of refined gold technology, especially for these ores that are not suitable for other processes, such as gold-bearing copper ore, base metal ore, copper-nickel ore, platinum group ore, etc. Flotation is also used to remove impurities before hydrometallurgical treatment (ie, carbon pre ...

  • Potential Processing Routes for Recovery of Platinum Group ...

    Nov 06, 2017 · Musonda KJ (2015) Ammonia leaching as a pre-treatment for the processing of oxidised PGM ores. Masters dissertation, University of Cape Town, Cape Town. 31. Bulatovic S (2003) Evaluation of alternative reagent schemes for the flotation of platinum

  • Beneficiation and Extractive Metallurgy of PGE

    The terms PGE (Platinum Group Elements) and PGM (Platinum Group . Minerals) are often used interchangeably, and incorrectly, in the processing and metallurgical literature. The terminology is confused further by PGM being referred to as platinum group metals (which is strictly correct) but often leads to the abbreviation of PGM, which refers

  • Extraction of PGMs from Low-grade Oxide Mineral Deposits

    polymodal distribution of PGM in the oxidized ores pose a number of challenges to the metallurgist from a mineral liberation and extraction perspective (Kraemer et al., 2017). In general, the processing of highchromium oxidiz- ed ores by conventional flotation techniques typically results in very poor concentrate grade and PGM recoveries

  • Platinum group - Wikipedia

    Platinum is also produced commercially as a by-product of nickel ore processing. The huge quantities of nickel ore processed makes up for the fact that platinum makes up only two parts per million of the ore. South Africa, with vast platinum ore deposits in the Merensky Reef of the Bushveld complex, is the world's largest producer of platinum ...